Confession and shame: the manual for confession Dizui zhenggui 涤罪正规 (Correct rules for the elimination of sins) (1627) by Giulio Aleni SJ in the Jesuit mission to China

Le Ren

Abstract


This article examines how European missionaries, especially those from the Society of Jesus, dealt with the problem of how to adapt the Catholic sacrament of confession in the mission to China in the late Ming period. One focus of analysis is the sentiment of shame that confession could arouse, which could become one of the major obstacles for the faithful to receive this sacrament. Since Catholic confession not only requires an instance of self-examination but also an “outward judgment” by the confessor, the penitent might have been often inhibited by shame. Jesuit missionaries in China became aware of these difficulties, and tried to overcome them through a “cultural translation” of the doctrine of confession, as analyzed in this research. This translation involved a selection of certain European doctrinal elements, combining them with or adapting them to certain elements of the local culture, such as terms or rhetorical devices from Confucian books, to help the faithful overcome their shame. For a careful examination of these processes, this article focuses on the analysis of the confessional manual Dizui zhenggui 涤罪正规 (Correct Rules for the Elimination of Sins, 1627) by the Italian Jesuit Giulio Aleni (1582-1649), here conceived as an example of cultural translation of the confessional doctrine in the Jesuit China mission in the late Ming period.

Keywords


shame, confession, cultural translation.

References


Aleni, G. (2002).《涤罪正规》 [Dizui zhenggui, Reglas correctas para purificar los pecados]. En Standaert, Nicolas & Dudink, Ad. (Eds.), Yesuhui luoma danganguan mingqing tianzhujiao wenxian耶稣会罗马档案馆明清天主教文献, vol. 4.]. Ricci Institute. (Obra original publicada en 1627)

Azpilcueta, M. (1556). Manual de confessores e penitentes. Casa de Andrea de Portonarijs.

Ben-Amos, I. (2022). Losing Face: Shame, Society and the Self in Early Modern England. Routledge.

Brokaw, C. J. (1991). The ledgers of merit and demerit: Social change and moral order in late imperial China. Princeton University Press.

Burke, P. y Hsia, R. P. C. (2007). Cultural Translation in Early Modern Europe. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Concilio de Trento. (1798). Cap. V. De la Confesión, trad. de Ignacio López de Ayala. En El sacrosanto y ecuménico Concilio de Trento (p. 160). La imprenta de Ramon Ruiz.

Flüchter, A. (2017). Translating Catechisms, Translating Cultures: An Introduction. En Flüchter, Antje & Wirbser, Rouven (Eds.), Translating Catechisms, Translating Cultures: The Expansion of Catholicism in the Early. Modern World (p. 23). Brill.

Konior, J. (2010). Confession Rituals and the Philosophy of Forgiveness in Asian Religions and Christianity. Forum Philosophicum, 15, 91-102.

Lackner, M., Amelung I. y Kurtz, J. (Eds.) (2001). New Terms for New Ideas. Western knowledge and Lexical Change in Late imperial China. Leiden: Brill.

Matos, B. (1630-1640).《口铎日抄》 [Kouduo richao, Registro diario de instrucciones orales]. Biblioteca Nacional de Francia, chinois 7114, vol. 4, f. 13v.

Menegon, E. (2006). “Deliver Us from Evil: Confession and Salvation in Seventeenth and Eighteenth-Century Chinese Catholicism”. En N. Standaert y Ad. Dudink, (Eds.), Forgive Us Our Sins: Confession in Late Ming and Early Qing China (pp. 20-23). Steyler.

Palmeiro, A. (1629). “Ordens que o Padre Andre Palmeiro Visitador de Japao e China deixou a Viceprovincia da China vizitandoa no anno de 1629 aos 15 de Agosto”. Rome: Archivum Romanum Societatis Iesu, Jap.-Sin. 100, ff. 20r-39v.

Peter, C. (1967). Auricular confession and the Council of Trent. Proceedings of the Catholic Theological Society of America, 22, 197.

San Agustín de Hipona. (2019). Sermón 392, no. 2. En Pío de Luis Vizcaíno (Eds.), Obras completas de San Agustín. XXVI: Sermones (6.º): 339-396 (pp. 767-768). Biblioteca de Autores Cristianos.

Song, G. (2006). Learning from the other: Giulio Aleni,“Kouduo richao”, and late Ming dialogic hybridization. Tesis doctoral. Universidad del Sur de California.

Tertuliano, Q. (2007). On repentance, trad. de Rev. S. Thelwall. (2007). En Roberts, Alexander & Donaldson, James (Eds.), The Ante-Nicene Fathers: Translations of the Writings of the Fathers down to A.D. 325 (p. 662), vol. 3. Cosimo classics. (Obra original publicada c.a 203)

Verbiest, F.《告解原义》[Gaojie yuanyi, El significado original de la confesión]. París: Bibliothèque nationale de France, chinois 7272: f. 10v. (Obra original publicada c.a 1670)

Zürcher, E. (2006). Buddhist Chanhui and Christian Confession in Seventeenth-century China. En N. Standaert y Ad. Dudink, (Eds.), Forgive Us Our Sins: Confession in Late Ming and Early Qing China (pp. 103-127). Steyler


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.



Estadísticas
Visitas al Abstract:213
PDF (Español (España)):185
EPUB (Español (España)):36
XML (Español (España)):178



{PSOCIAL} Journal of Research in Social Psychology. Faculty of Social Sciences | University of Buenos Aires (UBA)

ISSN 2422-619X. Semiannual publication (January-June and July-December).
 
Design: Mae Bermudez
 

 Jorunal Indexed and listed in:
  • ERIH PLUS (European Reference Index for the Humanities and Social Sciences) [registry]
  • Latindex Catálogo 2.0 (Regional Cooperative Online Information System for Scholarly Journals from Latin America, the Caribbean, Spain and Portuga) [registry]
  • DOAJ (Directory Open Access Journals) [registry]
  • MIAR (Information Matrix for the Analysis of Journals) [registry]
  • PSICODOC (Online Bibliographic Database Madrid Official College of Psychologists) [registry
  • RDIUBA (Institutional Digital Repository) [registry]
  • REDIB (Iberoamerican Network for Innovation and Scientific Knowledge) [registry]
  • Open AIRE (Open Access Infraestructure for Research in Europe) [registry
  • Red LatinRev / FLACSO library (Latin American Faculty of Social Sciences) [registry]
  • BINPAR (National Bibliography of Registered Periodicals) [registry]
  • LATINOAMERICANA (Association of Academic Journals of Humanities and Social Sciences) [registry]
  • CLASE (Latin-American Citations in Social Sciences and Humanities) [registry]
  • Sherpa Romeo [registry]
  • Basic Nucleus of Argentine Scientific Journals [registry]
  • Mirab@l [registry]
  • Cabells' Journalytics [registry]
  • CIRC (Integrated Classification of Scientific Journals) [registry]
  • AmeliCA [registry]
  • LILACS (Latin American and Caribbean Health Sciences Literature [registry]
  • EBSCO (Elton Bryson Stephens Company Information Services) [registry]
  • Malena [registry
  • Sara Network [registry]
  • SciELO (Scientific Electronic Library Online) [registry]
  • Redalyc (Network of Scientific Journals from Latin America and the Caribbean, Spain and. Portuga) [registry]
 

This journal is licenced under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International (CC BY-NC-SA 4.0)