Use of social networks, orientation towards social dominance and prejudice towards immigrants.

Fernando Gallegos Piderit, Marcelo Flores Pizarro

Abstract


This study examines the relationships between different kinds of social media use, social dominance orientation and subtle and blatant prejudice towards immigrants. We used a non-random sample of argentines living in either the Autonomous City or the Province of Buenos Aires (n = 134) to conduct correlation and regression analyses to test for associations between the study variables. e results show that there is a positive association between social dominance orientation and prejudice towards immigrants (r = 0.39,p<0.001) and a negative association between social media addiction and opposition to equality (r=-0.30,p<0.05). We found no significant correlations between the social media use variables and prejudice towards immigrants. Multiple linear regression analysis results show that social dominance orientation is the only statistically significant factor that predicts prejudice among the study variables.

Keywords


prejudice; social dominance orientation; social media; social networking sites; immigrants; social networks

References


Ahmed, S., Hsueh-Hua, V. C. & Chib, A. I. (2021). Xenophobia in the Time of a Pandemic: Social Media Use,

Stereotypes, and Prejudice against Immigrants during the COVID-19 Crisis. International Journal of Public

Opinion Research. https://doi.org/10.1093/ijpor/edab014

Albarracin, D., Johnson, B. T., Zanna, M. P. & Tarcan Kumale, G. (2005). Attitudes: Introduction and Scope. En

D. Albarracin, B. T. Johnson, & M. P. Zanna (Eds.), e Handbook of Attitudes (pp. 3-19). Lawrence Erlbaum

Associates.

Allport, G. (1971). La naturaleza del prejuicio. EUDEBA.

Andreassen, C. S., Pallesen, S. & Griffiths, M. D. (2017). e relationship between addictive use of social media,

narcissism, and self-esteem: Findings from a large national survey. Addictive Behaviors, 64, 287-293. https://

doi.org/10.1016/j.addbeh.2016.03.006

Andreassen, C. S., TorbjØrn, T., Brunborg, G. S. & Pallesen, S. (2012). Development of a facebook addiction scale.

Psychological Reports, 110(2), 501-517. https://doi.org/10.2466/02.09.18.PR0.110.2.501-517

Arancibia-Martini, H., Ruiz, M. Á., Blanco, A. & Cárdenas, M. (2016). New Evidence of Construct Validity Problems

for Pettigrew and Meertens’ (1995) Blatant and Subtle Prejudice Scale. Psychological Reports, 118(2), 544-564.

https://doi.org/10.1177/0033294116636988

Bakshy, E., Messing, S. & Adamic, L. A. (2015). Exposure to ideologically diverse news and opinion on Facebook.

Science, 348(6239), 1130-1132. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.aaa1160

Bayer, J. B., Triêu, P. & Ellison, N. B. (2020). Social media elements, ecologies, and effects. Annual Review of Psychology,

, 471-497. https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev-psych-010419-050944

Cárdenas, M., Music, A., Contreras, P., Yeomans, H. & Calderón, C. (2007). Las nuevas formas de prejuicio y sus

instrumentos de medida. Revista de Psicología, 16(1), 69-96. https://doi.org/10.5354/0719-0581.2007.18435

Carr, C. T. & Hayes, R. A. (2015). Social Media: Defining, Developing, and Divining. Atlantic Journal of

Communication, 23(1), 46-65. https://doi.org/10.1080/15456870.2015.972282

Civalero, L., Alonso, D. & Brussino, S. (2019). Evaluación del prejuicio hacia inmigrantes: adaptación argentina

de la escala de prejuicio sutil y manifiesto. Ciencias Psicológicas, 13(1), 119-133. https://doi.org/10.22235/

cp.v13i1.1814

Croucher, S. M., Nguyen, T. & Rahmani, D. (2020). Prejudice Toward Asian Americans in the Covid-19

Pandemic: e Effects of Social Media Use in the United States. Frontiers in Communication, 5, 39. https://

doi.org/10.3389/fcomm.2020.00039

Cuadrado, E., Rojas, R. & Tabernero, C. (2020). Development and validation of the social network addiction scale

(Snadds-6s). European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education, 10(3), 763-778. https://

doi.org/10.3390/ejihpe10030056

D’Arienzo, M. C., Boursier, V. & Griffiths, M. D. (2019). Addiction to Social Media and Attachment Styles: A

Systematic Literature Review. International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction, 17(4), 1094-1118. https://

doi.org/10.1007/s11469-019-00082-5

Davidson, T. & Farquhar, L. (2020). Prejudice and Social Media: Attitudes Toward Illegal Immigrants, Refugees, and

Transgender People. En D. N. Farris, D. R. Compton, y A. P. Herrera (Eds.), Gender, Sexuality and Race in the

Digital Age (pp. 151-167). Springer International Publishing. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-29855-5_9

Dovidio, J. F., Hewstone, M., Glick, P. & Esses, V. M. (2010). Prejudice, Stereotyping and Discrimination:

eoretical and Empirical Overview. En J. F. Dovidio, M. Hewstone, P. Glick, y V. M. Esses (Eds.), e

SAGE Handbook of Prejudice, Stereotyping and Discrimination (pp. 3-28). SAGE Publications Ltd. https://

doi.org/10.4135/9781446200919.n1

Duckitt, J. & Sibley, C. G. (2007). Right wing authoritarianism, social dominance orientation and the dimensions of

generalized prejudice. European Journal of Personality, 21(2), 113-130. https://doi.org/10.1002/per.614

Ellison, N. B. & Boyd, D. M. (2013). Sociality rough Social Network Sites. En W. H. Dutton (Ed.), e

Oxford Handbook of Internet Studies (pp. 152-172). Oxford University Press. https://doi.org/10.1093/

oxfordhb/9780199589074.013.0008

Escobar-Viera, C. G., Shensa, A., Bowman, N. D., Sidani, J. E., Knight, J., James, A. E. & Primack, B. A. (2018). Passive

and Active Social Media Use and Depressive Symptoms Among United States Adults. Cyberpsychology, Behavior,

and Social Networking, 21(7), 437-443. https://doi.org/10.1089/cyber.2017.0668

Etchezahar, E., Prado-Gascó, V., Jaume, L. & Brussino, S. (2014). Validación argentina de la Escala de Orientación

a la Dominancia Social. Revista Latinoamericana de Psicología, 46(1), 35-43. https://doi.org/10.1016/

S0120-0534(14)70004-4

Etchezahar, E., Ungaretti, J., Bria, P. & Pesce, A. (2020). Prejuicio y discriminación en Argentina. Observatorio de

Psicología Social Aplicada, Facultad de Psicología, Universidad de Buenos Aires. http://www.psi.uba.ar/opsa/

#informes

Etchezahar, E., Ungaretti, J., Gascó, V. P. & Brusino, S. (2016). Psychometric properties of the attitudes toward gay

men scale in argentinian context: e influence of sex, authoritarianism, and social dominance orientation.

International Journal of Psychological Research, 9(1), 21-29. https://doi.org/10.21500/20112084.2097

Gil de Zúñiga, H. (2012). Social Media Use for News and Individuals’ Social Capital, Civic Engagement and Political

Participation. Journal of Computer-Mediated Communication, 17(3), 319-336. https://doi.org/10.1111/

j.1083-6101.2012.01574.x

Glick, P. & Fiske, S. T. (2011). Ambivalent Sexism Revisited. Psychology of Women Quarterly, 35(3), 530-535. https://

doi.org/10.1177/0361684311414832

Jost, J. T. & ompson, E. P. (2000). Group-Based Dominance and Opposition to Equality as Independent Predictors

of Self-Esteem, Ethnocentrism, and Social Policy Attitudes among African Americans and European Americans.

Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 36(3), 209-232. https://doi.org/10.1006/jesp.1999.1403

Li, Z. (2016). Psychological empowerment on social media: Who are the empowered users? Public Relations Review,

(1), 49-59. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pubrev.2015.09.001

Meccia, E. (2017). No me discuta. Migración reciente en Argentina y medios de comunicación desde el análisis

sociológico-lingüístico del discurso. Revista Latinoamericana de Metodología de las Ciencias Sociales, 7(1), e022.

https://doi.org/10.24215/18537863e022

Melella, C. y Martínez Perdomo, J. M. (2018). Colombianos y colombianas en la Argentina. Discursos mediáticos y

vivencias cotidianas (2004-2015). MILLCAYAC - Revista Digital de Ciencias Sociales, 5(9), 353-376.

Muller, M., Ungaretti, J. y Etchezahar, E. (2017). Validación argentina de la Escala de Prejuicio Sutil y Manifiesto hacia

villeros. Revista de Psicología, 26(1), 1-13. https://doi.org/10.5354/0719-0581.2017.46204

Pagani, M., Hofacker, C. F. & Goldsmith, R. E. (2011). e influence of personality on active and passive use of social

networking sites. Psychology and Marketing, 28(5), 441-456. https://doi.org/10.1002/mar.20395

Pettigrew, T. F. & Meertens, R. W. (1995). Subtle and blatant prejudice in western Europe. European Journal of Social

Psychology, 25(1), 57-75. https://doi.org/10.1002/ejsp.2420250106

Pratto, F., Liu, J. H., Levin, S., Sidanius, J., Shih, M., Bachrach, H. & Hegarty, P. (2000). Social dominance orientation

and the legitimization of inequality across cultures. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 31(3), 369-409. https://

doi.org/10.1177/0022022100031003005

Pratto, F., Sidanius, J., Stallworth, L. M. & Malle, B. F. (1994). Social dominance orientation: A personality variable

predicting social and political attitudes. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 67(4), 741-763. https://

doi.org/10.1037/0022-3514.67.4.741

R Core Team. (2020). R: A Language and Environment for Statistical Computing. R Foundation for Statistical

Computing.

Revelle, W. (2021). psych: Procedures for Psychological, Psychometric, and Personality Research. Northwestern

University.

RStudio Team. (2020). RStudio: Integrated Development Environment for R. RStudio, PBC. http://www.rstudio.com/

Rueda, J. F. y Navas, M. (1996). Hacia una evaluación de las nuevas formas del prejuicio racial: las actitudes sutiles del

racismo. Revista de Psicología Social, 11(2), 131-149. https://doi.org/10.1174/02134749660569314

Saiphoo, A. N., Dahoah Halevi, L. & Vahedi, Z. (2020). Social networking site use and self-esteem: A metaanalytic review. Personality and Individual Differences, 153, 109639. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.1016/

j.paid.2019.109639

Shaver, J. H., Sibley, C. G., Osborne, D. & Bulbulia, J. (2017). News exposure predicts anti-Muslim prejudice. PLOS

ONE, 12(3), e0174606. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0174606

Stangor, C. (2015). e study of stereotyping, prejudice, and discrimination within social psychology: A quick history

of theory and research. En T. D. Nelson (Ed.), Handbook of Prejudice, Stereotyping, and Discrimination (2.a ed.,

pp. 1-27). Psychology Press. https://doi.org/10.4324/9780203361993-6

Tajfel, H. & Turner, J. C. (1986). e Social Identity eory of Intergroup Behaviour. En S. Worchel y W. G. Austin

(Eds.), Psychology of Intergroup Relations (pp. 7-24). Nelson-Hall.

Ungaretti, J., Etchezahar, E. & Barreiro, A. (2020). Validation of the subtle and blatant prejudice scale

towards indigenous people in Argentina. Current Psychology, 39(4), 1423-1429. https://doi.org/10.1007/

s12144-018-9844-4

Ungaretti, J., Etchezahar, E. & Brussino, S. (2015). La percepción de peligro y competencia como factores predictores

del prejuicio hacia diferentes grupos sociales. Escritos de Psicología / Psychological Writings, 8(1), 30-37. https://

doi.org/10.5231/psy.writ.2015.0912

Vargas-Salfate, S., Paez, D., Liu, J. H., Pratto, F. & Gil de Zúñiga, H. (2018). A Comparison of Social Dominance

eory and System Justification: e Role of Social Status in 19 Nations. Personality and Social Psychology

Bulletin, 44(7), 1060-1076. https://doi.org/10.1177/0146167218757455

Verduyn, P., Gugushvili, N., Massar, K., Täht, K. & Kross, E. (2020). Social comparison on social networking sites.

Current Opinion in Psychology, 36, 32-37. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.copsyc.2020.04.002

Verduyn, P., Ybarra, O., Résibois, M., Jonides, J. & Kross, E. (2017). Do Social Network Sites Enhance or

Undermine Subjective Well-Being? A Critical Review. Social Issues and Policy Review, 11(1), 274-302. https://

doi.org/10.1111/sipr.12033


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.



Estadísticas
Visitas al Abstract:141
PDF (Español (España)):113
EPUB (Español (España)):29
HTML (Español (España)):43
XML (Español (España)):29



{PSOCIAL} Journal of Research in Social Psychology. Faculty of Social Sciences | University of Buenos Aires (UBA)

ISSN 2422-619X. Semiannual publication (January-June and July-December).
 
Design: Mae Bermudez
 

 Jorunal Indexed and listed in:
  • ERIH PLUS (European Reference Index for the Humanities and Social Sciences) [registry]
  • Latindex Catálogo 2.0 (Regional Cooperative Online Information System for Scholarly Journals from Latin America, the Caribbean, Spain and Portuga) [registry]
  • DOAJ (Directory Open Access Journals) [registry]
  • MIAR (Information Matrix for the Analysis of Journals) [registry]
  • PSICODOC (Online Bibliographic Database Madrid Official College of Psychologists) [registry
  • RDIUBA (Institutional Digital Repository) [registry]
  • REDIB (Iberoamerican Network for Innovation and Scientific Knowledge) [registry]
  • Open AIRE (Open Access Infraestructure for Research in Europe) [registry
  • Red LatinRev / FLACSO library (Latin American Faculty of Social Sciences) [registry]
  • BINPAR (National Bibliography of Registered Periodicals) [registry]
  • LATINOAMERICANA (Association of Academic Journals of Humanities and Social Sciences) [registry]
  • CLASE (Latin-American Citations in Social Sciences and Humanities) [registry]
  • Sherpa Romeo [registry]
  • Basic Nucleus of Argentine Scientific Journals [registry]
  • Mirab@l [registry]
  • Cabells' Journalytics [registry]
  • CIRC (Integrated Classification of Scientific Journals) [registry]
  • AmeliCA [registry]
  • LILACS (Latin American and Caribbean Health Sciences Literature [registry]
  • EBSCO (Elton Bryson Stephens Company Information Services) [registry]
  • Malena [registry
  • Sara Network [registry]
 

This journal is licenced under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International (CC BY-NC-SA 4.0)