A Spanish Adaptation and Validation of the Purpose in Life Test – Short Form (PIL-SF)

Marcela C. Weber, Hernán Furman, Stefan E. Schulenberg


In the literature on meaning and purpose in life, distinguishing the two constructs remains an ongoing avenue of philosophical and empirical debate; however, there is general consensus in defining purpose in life as goal-directedness towards living a more meaningful life. Questionnaires measuring this goal-directedness, specifically, rather than broad measures of meaning, are necessary in order to further this vein of research. The Purpose in Life Test (PIL), developed by Crumbaugh and Maholick in the 1960s, has been shown to be a valid instrument for measuring meaning and purpose. Four of the 20 items composing the instrument have demonstrated greater internal coherence and greater precision for evaluating goal-directed purpose in life, specifically. Schulenberg et al. (2011) developed an abbreviated version of the PIL, which they termed the Purpose in Life test – Short Form (PIL-SF). This study aimed to evaluate the reliability and factor structure of the PIL-SF. This validation involved two different samples of university students: sample A (N = 368) and sample B (N = 336). Confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) supported a 1-factor model, and reliability of the items was excellent. Results suggest that this new instrument is a valid and reliable measure of purpose in life, comparable to the English language PIL-SF.


purpose in life; meaning; psychological well-being; validation; psychometrics

Full Text:



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Visitas al Abstract:742

{PSOCIAL} Journal of Research in Social Psychology. Faculty of Social Sciences | University of Buenos Aires (UBA)

ISSN 2422-619X. Semiannual publication (January-June and July-December).
Design: Mae Bermudez

 Jorunal Indexed and listed in:
  • ERIH PLUS (European Reference Index for the Humanities and Social Sciences) [registry]
  • Latindex Catálogo 2.0 (Regional Cooperative Online Information System for Scholarly Journals from Latin America, the Caribbean, Spain and Portuga) [registry]
  • DOAJ (Directory Open Access Journals) [registry]
  • MIAR (Information Matrix for the Analysis of Journals) [registry]
  • PSICODOC (Online Bibliographic Database Madrid Official College of Psychologists) [registry
  • RDIUBA (Institutional Digital Repository) [registry]
  • REDIB (Iberoamerican Network for Innovation and Scientific Knowledge) [registry]
  • Open AIRE (Open Access Infraestructure for Research in Europe) [registry
  • Red LatinRev / FLACSO library (Latin American Faculty of Social Sciences) [registry]
  • BINPAR (National Bibliography of Registered Periodicals) [registry]
  • LATINOAMERICANA (Association of Academic Journals of Humanities and Social Sciences) [registry]
  • CLASE (Latin-American Citations in Social Sciences and Humanities) [registry]
  • Sherpa Romeo [registry]
  • Basic Nucleus of Argentine Scientific Journals [registry]
  • Mirab@l [registry]
  • Cabells' Journalytics [registry]
  • CIRC (Integrated Classification of Scientific Journals) [registry]
  • AmeliCA [registry]
  • LILACS (Latin American and Caribbean Health Sciences Literature [registry]
  • EBSCO (Elton Bryson Stephens Company Information Services) [registry]
  • Malena [registry
  • Sara Network [registry]
  • SciELO (Scientific Electronic Library Online) [registry]
  • Redalyc (Network of Scientific Journals from Latin America and the Caribbean, Spain and. Portuga) [registry]

This journal is licenced under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International (CC BY-NC-SA 4.0)