Personality traits and mediating variables in their relationship with the political participation of colleges students

Agostina Clara Peretti, Hugo H. Rabbia, Silvina Brussino


The paper’s main goal is to validate a predictive theoretical model that analyzes the direct and indirect effects of personality factors (according to the Big Five Factors model) on political participation (PP), incorporating variables from the mediation hypothesis: political values, ideological self-placement, internal political efficacy and interest in politics. A questionnaire was applied to N=555 college students from Córdoba, Argentina, and bivariate correlations and path analysis were performed with the variables under study. The study confirms the direct relationship of Extraversion and ideological self-positioning with PP, although it shows that personality factors have mostly indirect effects on PP, mediated first by political values, then interest in politics, and finally the internal political efficacy




AUTOR (2006).

AUTOR (2013).

AUTOR (2011).

AUTOR (2017).

AUTOR (2009).

Balluerka, N., Alonso-Arbiol. I, Gorostiaga, A. & Haranburu, M (2006) Diferencias en el perfil de personalidad de personas con una orientación política de centroderecha y personas con una orientación de izquierdas. Interpsiquis, VII.

Barbaranelli, C., Caprara, G. V., Vecchione, M., & Fraley, C. R. (2007). Voters' personality traits in presidential elections. Personality and Individual Differences, 42(7), 1199–1208.

Bennett, W. L. (2012). The personalization of politics: Political identity, social media, and changing patterns of participation. Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, 644(1), 20–39.

Blais, A., & Labbe-St-Vincent, S. (2011) Personality traits, political attitudes and the propensity to vote. European Journal of Political Research, 50(3), 395–417.

Caprara, G. V., Barbaranelli, C., & Zimbardo, P. G. (1999) Personality profiles and political parties. Political Psychology, 20, 175–197.

Caprara, G. V., Barbaranelli, C., & Zimbardo, P. G. (2002) When parsimony subdues distinctiveness: Simplified public perceptions of politicians’ personality. Political Psychology, 23, 77–95.

Caprara, G.V. & Vecchione, M. (2017) Personalizing politics and realizing democracy. Oxford University Press.

Caprara, G.V. & Vecchione, M. (2018) On the Left and Right Ideological Divide: Historical Accounts and Contemporary Perspectives. Advances in Political Psychology, 39(1),

Caprara, G.V. (2020) Distinctiveness, functions and psycho-historical foundations of left and right ideology. Behavioral Sciences, 34:155–159.

Caprara, G.V, Schwartz, S., Capanna, C., Vecchione, M. & Barbaranelli, C. (2006) Personality and Politics: Values, Traits, and Political Choice. Political Psychology, 27(1), 1-28.

Caprara, G.V., Schwartz, S., Vecchione, M. & Barbaranelli, C. (2008) The Personalization of Politics. Lessons from the Italian Case. European Psychologist- 2008; Vol. 13.

Caprara, G.V., Vecchione, M., & Schwartz, S. H. (2009). Mediational role of values in linking personality traits to political orientation. Asian Journal of Social Psychology, 12(2), 82–94.

Carney, D.R.; Jost, J.; Gosling, S.D. & Potter J. (2008). The secret lives of liberals and conservatives: personality profiles, interaction styles, and the things they leave behind. Political Psychology, 29(6), 807–40.

Chrona, S. & Capelos, T. (2017) The political psychology of participation in Turkey: civic engagement, basic values, political sophistication and the young. Southeast European and Black Sea Studies, 17(1), 77-95.

Cobb-Clark, D.A. & Schurer,S. (2012) The stability of big-five personality traits. Economics Letters, 115(1), 11-15.

Cooper, C., Golden, L. & Socha, (2013) The big five personality factors and mass politics. Journal of Applied Social Psychology 2013, 43, pp. 68–82. DOI: 10.1111/j.1559-1816.2012.00982.x.

Costa, P. T., McCrae, R. R., & Arenberg, D. (1980). Enduring dispositions in adult males. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 38(5), 793–800.

Dahlum, S. & Knutsen, C. (2017) Democracy by Demand? Reinvestigating the Effect of Self-expression Values on Political Regime Type. Political Science. 47(2), 437-461.

Dominguez-Lara, S.; Merino-Soto, C.; Zamudio, B. & Guevara-Cordero, C. (2018). Big Five Inventory en Universitarios Peruanos: Resultados Preliminares de su Validación. Psykhe, 27(2), 1-12.

Espinozza Pezzia, A. & Calderón Prada, A. (2006) Ideología política, valores culturales y miedo a la muerte. Psicología Política, 32, 33-58.

Fischer, R. & Boer, D. (2015) Motivational Basis of Personality Traits: A Meta-Analysis of Value-Personality Correlations. Journal of Personality 83(5), 491-510.

Gallego, A. & Oberski, D. (2012) Personality and Political Participation: The Mediation Hypothesis. Political Behavior, 34, 425–451.

Gallegos, A. & Pardo-Prado, S. (2014 The Big Five Personality Traits and

Attitudes towards Immigrant. Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies, 40(1), 79-99.

Gerber, A., Huber, A., Doherty, D., Dowling, C.M. (2011a) The Big Five Personality Traits in the Political Arena. Annual Review Political Science, 14:265–87.

Gerber, A., Huber, G., Doherty, D. & Dowling, C.M. (2010) Personality and Political Attitudes: Relationships across Issue Domains and Political Contexts. American Political Science Review. 104(1), 111-133.

Gerber, A., Huber, G., Doherty, D., Dowling, C.M., Raso, C. & Ha, S. (2011b) Personality Traits and Participation in Political Processes. The Journal of Politics, 73(3) 692–706.

Gerber, A.; Huber, G.; Ha, S.E.; Dowling, C.M. & Doherty, D. (2009) Personality Traits and the Dimensions of Political Ideology. SSRN.

Gunthert, K. C., Cohen, L. H., & Armeli, S. (1999). The role of neuroticism in daily stress and coping. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 77(5), 1087-1100.

Henningsgaard, J. & Arnau, R (2008) Relationships between religiosity, spirituality, and personality: A multivariate analysis. Personality and Individual Differences 45, 703–708.

Inglehart, R., & Welzel, C. (2005) Modernization, cultural change and democracy: The human development sequence. Cambridge University Press.

Jost, J. T., Glaser, J., Kruglanski, A. W., & Sulloway, F. J. (2003). Political conservatism as motivated social cognition. Psychological Bulletin, 129(3), 339–375.

Komarraju, M.; Karau, S.; Schmeck, R.R. & Avdic, A. (2011) The Big Five personality traits, learning styles, and academic achievement. Personality and individual differences, 51, 472-477.

Laros, Jacob Arie et al. (2018) Validity evidence of two short scales measuring the Big Five personality factors. Psicologia: Reflexão e Crítica, 31-32,

León, O. G. & Montero, I. (2015) Métodos de Investigación en Psicología. McGraw-Hill.

Lindell, M. & Strandberg, K. (2018) A Participatory Personality? Examining the Influence of Personality Traits on Political Participation. Scandinavian Political Studies, 41(3), 239-262.

Matrángolo, G.; Paz, G. & Simkin, H. (2015) Factores de la personalidad y su relación con la autoestima, la espiritualidad y la centralidad de los eventos traumáticos. PSocial, 1(2), 78-94.

McCrae, R.R. (1996) Social consequences of experiential openness. Psycholygal Bulletin 120, 323–337.

McCrae, R. R., & Costa, P. T. (2008) Empirical and theoretical status of the five-factor model of personality traits. En G. J. Boyle, G. Mathews, & D. H. Saklofske (Eds.), The SAGE Handbook of Personality Theory and Assessment (pp. 273-294). Sage Publications.

McCrae, R. & Costa, P. (2003) Personality in Adulthood: a Five-Factor theory perspective. New York: The Guilford Press.

Milfont, T.C & Sibley, C.G. (2012) The big five personality traits and environmental engagement: Associations at the individual and societal level. Journal of Environmental Psychology. 32(2), 187-195.

Mondak J.J.; Hibbing, M.V.; Canache D., Seligson, M.A. & Anderson, M.R. (2010). Personality and civic engagement: an integrative framework for the study of trait effects on political behavior. American Political Science Review, 104(01), 85–110.

Mondak J.J. & Halperin K.D. (2008) A framework for the study of personality and political behaviour. British Journal of Political Science. 38(2) 335-362.

Mondak J.J. (2010). Personality and the Foundations of Political Behavior. Cambridge Univ. Press.

Mondak, J. J., Canache, D., Seligson, M. & Hibbing, M. (2011) The Participatory Personality: Evidence from Latin America (Uruguay y Venezuela). British Journal of Political Science, 41(1), 211-221.

Pasquino, G. (1990) Liderazgo y comunicación política. Psicología Política, 1, 65-85.

Pastrana-Valls, A. (2018). Values, attitudes and political participation in Mexico. Palabra

Clave, 21(3), 673-709.

Quintelier, E. (2014) The influence of the Big 5 personality traits on young people’s political

consumer behavior. Young Consumers, 15(4), 342–352.

Rebolledo, M. (2017) La personalización de la política: una propuesta de definición para su estudio sistemático. Revista de Comunicación 16 (2),

Ribeiro, E. & Borba, J. (2016) Personality, Political Attitudes and Participation in Protests: The Direct and Mediated Effects of Psychological Factors on Political Activism. Brazilian political science review, 10 (3).

Roccas, S., Sagiv, L., Schwartz, S. H., & Knafo, A. (2002). The Big Five personality factors and personal values. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 28(6), 789–801.

Sandoval, J. & Carvallo, V. (2019) Una generación sin miedo: análisis de discurso de jóvenes protagonistas del movimiento estudiantil chileno. Última Década, 51, 225-257.

Schwartz, S., Caprara, G. & Vecchione, M. (2010) Basic Personal Values, Core Political Values, and Voting: A Longitudinal Analysis. En Political Psychology, Vol. 31, No. 3, 2010. doi: 10.1111/j.1467-9221.2010.00764.x.

Sibley, Ch., Osborne, D. & Duckitt, J. (2012) Personality and political orientation: Meta-analysis and test of a Threat-Constraint Model. Journal of Research in Personality 46, 664–677.

Simkin, H. & Azzollini, S. (2014) Personalidad, Valores Sociales y su relación con la Orientación Ideológica y el Interés por la actualidad política: factores que median entre la propaganda y la opinión pública. Subjetividad y Procesos Cognitivos, 18(2) 178-197.

Simkin, H., Borchardt, L., & Azzollini, S. (2020). Evidencias de validez del Compendio Internacional de Ítems de Personalidad Abreviado. Liberabit, 26(1), e320. liberabit.2020.v26n1.02

Smith, K. A., Barstead, M. G., & Rubin, K. H. (2017). Neuroticism and Conscientiousness as Moderators of the Relation Between Social Withdrawal and Internalizing Problems in Adolescence. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 46(4), 772-786.

Ter Laak, J. (1996) Las cinco grandes dimensiones de la personalidad. Revista de Psicología (PUCP). XIV(2), 129-181.

Van Aelst, P., Sheafer, T. & Stanyer, J. (2012) The personalization of mediated political communication: A review of concepts, operationalizations and key findings. Journalism, 13(2),

Vecchione, M. & Caprara, G. (2009) Personality determinants of political participation: The contribution of traits and self-efficacy beliefs. Personality and Individual Differences, 46, 487–492.

Verhulst, B., Eaves, L. & Hatemi, P. (2012) Correlation not Causation: The Relationship between Personality Traits and Political Ideologies. American Journal of Political Science, 56(1). 34–51.

Wattenberg, M. P. (1998). The Decline of American Political Parties, 1952-1996. Harvard University Press.

Weinschenk, A. (2013) ’Cause You’ve Got Personality: Political Participation and the Tendency to Join Civic Groups. SAGE Open. 1– 12.

World Value Survey (2021) Análisis online. Wave 7. Argentina. 2017-2020. URL:


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Visitas al Abstract:203
PDF (Español (España)):145
EPUB (Español (España)):26
XML (Español (España)):97

{PSOCIAL} Journal of Research in Social Psychology. Faculty of Social Sciences | University of Buenos Aires (UBA)

ISSN 2422-619X. Semiannual publication (January-June and July-December).
Design: Mae Bermudez

 Jorunal Indexed and listed in:
  • ERIH PLUS (European Reference Index for the Humanities and Social Sciences) [registry]
  • Latindex Catálogo 2.0 (Regional Cooperative Online Information System for Scholarly Journals from Latin America, the Caribbean, Spain and Portuga) [registry]
  • DOAJ (Directory Open Access Journals) [registry]
  • MIAR (Information Matrix for the Analysis of Journals) [registry]
  • PSICODOC (Online Bibliographic Database Madrid Official College of Psychologists) [registry
  • RDIUBA (Institutional Digital Repository) [registry]
  • REDIB (Iberoamerican Network for Innovation and Scientific Knowledge) [registry]
  • Open AIRE (Open Access Infraestructure for Research in Europe) [registry
  • Red LatinRev / FLACSO library (Latin American Faculty of Social Sciences) [registry]
  • BINPAR (National Bibliography of Registered Periodicals) [registry]
  • LATINOAMERICANA (Association of Academic Journals of Humanities and Social Sciences) [registry]
  • CLASE (Latin-American Citations in Social Sciences and Humanities) [registry]
  • Sherpa Romeo [registry]
  • Basic Nucleus of Argentine Scientific Journals [registry]
  • Mirab@l [registry]
  • Cabells' Journalytics [registry]
  • CIRC (Integrated Classification of Scientific Journals) [registry]
  • AmeliCA [registry]
  • LILACS (Latin American and Caribbean Health Sciences Literature [registry]
  • EBSCO (Elton Bryson Stephens Company Information Services) [registry]
  • Malena [registry
  • Sara Network [registry]
  • SciELO (Scientific Electronic Library Online) [registry]
  • Redalyc (Network of Scientific Journals from Latin America and the Caribbean, Spain and. Portuga) [registry]

This journal is licenced under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International (CC BY-NC-SA 4.0)