Personality factors related to dream content

Alejandro Parra, Jesica Sosa

Abstract


A sample made up of 207 individuals from the general population of both sexes, completed a scale that allows evaluating the frequency of dream memory, the sharpness of the images and a personality inventory that measures five dimensions (NEO-PI-R): Neuroticism , Extroversion, Openness to experience, Friendliness and Responsibility. The objective was to determine the frequency of fifteen types of dreams and to correlate their frequency with the five personality factors. Globally, almost 70% indicated lability to remember dreams, and the most common dream experience is hearing voices or music in dreams followed by recurring dreams, lucid dreams, seeing dead relatives, and experiencing nightmares or more negative dream experiences. Those who showed greater anxiety (individual or social), tendency towards hostility and depression, or feeling more vulnerable (N) indicated having dreams associated with predicting future events, people who have already died (but live in dreams); Those who showed greater cordiality, assertiveness, and search for positive emotions (E) indicated having dreams of seeing themselves flying or floating or seeing themselves naked; those who showed to be more prone to fantasy, ideas and values, and greater aesthetic perception (O) indicated dreams with mystical, spiritual / religious content, to see themselves floating / flying and teeth falling; Those who showed greater confidence, openness, altruism and a conciliatory attitude, or greater sensitivity towards others (C) indicated having dreams of seeing themselves fly / float. Memory of the dream showed a positive correlation with emotional instability and extroversion, and openness to experience.

Keywords


Dreams; NEO-PI-R; Personality; Neuroticism; Extroversion

References


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