Aculturación y prejuicio en docentes autóctonos e inmigrantes latinoamericanos de Cuenca (España)

María Paz Ramírez López, Antonio González López

Resumen


El objetivo ha sidoel estudio de las orientaciones reales e ideales de aculturación, la concordancia y discrepancia de ambas, y las actitudes prejuiciosas en población autóctona e inmigrante de Cuenca (España). La muestra, de 235 nativos y 180 inmigrantes latinoamericanos,respondió a un cuestionario sobre actitudes sociales. Los resultados muestran que los autóctonos prefieren la asimilación, perciben que los inmigrantes optan por la separación; y que los inmigrantes prefieren y eligen la asimilación. Los autóctonos se mostraron más prejuiciosos que los inmigrantes. Los niveles más altos de prejuicio se relacionan en ambos grupos por la preferencia de marginación y separación. Los resultados evidencian quees necesario conocer las actitudes mutuas entre grupos culturales en contacto para entender el proceso de aculturación.

Abstract

Based on acculturation models, the main objective of this work is to study the real and ideal acculturation strategies, the concordance and discrepancy of both options and the prejudice attitudes in the host and immigration populations in the city of Cuenca (Spain). A social attitudes questionnaire was given to 235 native teachers and 180 Latin American immigrants to fill in. Analysis revealed that teachers prefer assimilation but they perceive that immigrants are implementing separation. Immigrants prefer and choose assimilation. Teachers have a higher degree of prejudice than immigrants. In general, the highest degrees of prejudice are related in both groups to a preference for marginalization and separation. These results suggest that in order to understand a relationship between cultural groups it is important to consider the mutual attitudes when the acculturation process is being studied.


Palabras clave


Actitudes de aculturación; prejuicio; relaciones intergrupales; estigma social; acculturation attitudes; prejudice; intergroup relations; social stigma.

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Referencias


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